Carpet and rug are an important part of Iranian culture and lifestyle, used as an artistic and a household object. These carpets reflect different parts of the history of Iran and its people. In the past, weavers used to create carpets by hand and this was one of the reasons behind their value. Nowadays, you can find both, handwoven carpets and machine-made ones in a variety of designs and coloring. Persian Carpet
The traditional method of weaving Persian rugs involved painstakingly hand tying thousands of knots. In addition, Persian rugs are famous for their intricately detailed design which is characteristic of all Iranian arts. Moreover, Persian rugs often feature geometric patterns which are a reflection of Islamic influences, although many Persian rugs depict natural scenes of animal and plant wildlife. One of the reasons that Persian rugs often feature floral patterns is that people can remember the traditional Persian gardens, when they walk on the floor. Aside from providing you with great pleasure and brightening up your home, buying a Persian rug can be a wise investment as they often appreciate in value provided you know a little about Persian rug care and repair.Persian Carpet
Material and Method
Most of Persian rugs are made out of simple wool. This concurrently makes them sturdy and durable, but the details and quality vary among the regions. The base of the carpet, the warps and wefts, are wool or cotton. Cotton is stronger and more durable, while wool tends to gradually shrink or turn uneven. The most expensive carpets are silk ones. These rugs are usually decorative, since the material is extremely expensive, it is better to use them as tapestry or wall hangings. On the other hand, the delicacy of silk allows for more detailed designs. Carpets from Kashan, Qom, Nain and Isfahan are usually silk pile-rugs.
Types of Persian Carpet
People can identify Persian rugs based on the materials and designs specific to each region. For example, Tabriz, Kerman, Kashan, Qom, Nain and Isfahan are some of the main centers of carpet manufacture.
- Tabriz: The method for making the carpets is symmetrical knots with cotton base and high-quality wool. Besides, The design is usually rectangular with smaller circles in the middle. The themes are geometric and floral, dyed in pink, red and blue.Persian Carpet
- Kerman: The carpets made here are delicate, mainly dyed in red, ivory and gold. The theme is geometric, full of round and rectangular shapes and they have floral designs resembling a garden.
- Kashan: This is the oldest carpet city in central Iran. Furthermore, The silk carpets of Kashan are famous in the world. The main colors are red and ivory and the design consists of arches and elaborate circles.
- Qom, Nain and Isfahan: The carpets produced in these cities are mostly all-silk or silk on a base of cotton. The method used here is asymmetrical knots which go back to Safavid era. The design of these carpets is rich with a lot of circles, dyed in light blue and ivory in Qom and Nain, while Isfahan carpets tend to use dark red and blue.
- First and foremost, the most famous Persian rug is Ardabil Carpet. And Victoria and Albert Museum in London has kept this masterpiece. You are able to visit an Ardabil carpet at 10 Downing Street. Historians believe that Hitler had one in his office in Berlin!
- Then, the most expensive Persian carpet goes back to 17th In 2013, it was sold in a London auction for 33.8 million dollars.
- Finally, Each year, Iran exports a large number of carpets and rugs to more than 100 countries in the world. In 2006, it was revealed that carpet is the first non-oil export of Iran. Today, Persian rugs have to compete with the productions of other countries which are woven by machines and are usually cheaper but lower in quality. Persian Carpet