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Tuesday - November 12,2019
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Souvenirs

Zilo, a special handcraft made in deserts of Iran

Zilo is a kind of Iranian beautiful handcraft which is woven in deserts of Iran. It is very well-known because it’s a durable covering in houses or public places as a decoration . Zilo a special handcraft

Although there is no clue in historical evidences to find out the place of origin of this Iranian handcraft, people of Meibod, a city near Yazd seriously believe that it has been designed, created and woven there for the first time. In fact, nevertheless there is no concrete historical evidence to prove it, in the light of indirect evidences such as a strong resemblance between people’s customs and the designs of Zilo, we are able to confirm that it has been woven in Meibod for some time. However, specialists believe that Zilo is a special Iranian covering which has been evolved from Hasir.

Zilo a special handcraft

Zilo has a simple motif, though there is a rich culture and lifestyle behind its patterns. Iranians have always intentionally knitted the coverings from cotton in order to use them in tropical climate such as deserts. Besides, as the materials are natural, it is perfectly healthy and it doesn’t cause pollution or any allergic reaction. Therefore, its nickname in Iran is the “carpet of health”! Zilo a special handcraft

Durability and other features 

Zilo is also so durable that it exits an 800 year-old Zilo in the Meibod zilo museum and it still looks completely new. As a consequence, authorities in religious places like St. Mary Church in Urmia cover the floors by Zilo instead of laying a Persian carpet.

30 years ago, it used to be more than 2000 of looms for weaving Zilo in Meibod. In fact, this was the traditional way for earning a living. Having said that, because of developing machine-made carpets and rugs, weaving Zilo dropped off a cliff. However, in recent years it has been revived and grown again. Right now there are 250 looms in Yazd and the majority of them actively exist in Meibod. In addition, foreign tourists in Iran can visit wooden Zilo looms and devices which were working 120 years ago in Yazd and Meibod. Zilo a special handcraf

Zilo a special handcraft
Zilo a special handcraft

Since Iranians used to have large families and grand houses, Zilo weavers had to knit large covering. Consequently, a group working was obligatory but these days, weaving a Zilo is quite possible by just one person. Besides, a large number of women has got interested in Zilo weaving recently and has chosen it as their part-time job.

Weaving Zilo and Meibod are respectively recorded as a national Iranian art and a national city in Iran in order to help this special Iranian art-industry take off. Zilo a special handcraft

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