The historic houses of Tabriz, thanks to the paramount importance of the city during the Qajar period, are recognized as unique preservers of historical events in Iran. The Salmasi house, which dates back to 160 years ago, is a predominant example of these buildings.historic houses of Tabriz
The Salmasi house is one of the historic houses in Tabriz. Heydarzade family built it in the early Qajar era. Then Salmasi family, one of the well-known merchants in Tabriz completed it later. This house is in the Maghsoudiya neighborhood right behind the Tabriz Municipality building. The house has a brick façade and portal, as well as a vestibule linking the house to the outdoor spaces.historic houses of Tabriz
The building covers three sides of the courtyard and includes two floors each covering an area of 875 square meters. The ground floor includes main and subsidiary halls in the north, east and west sides. The halls are ornamented with large colored-glass windows peculiar to the Qajar architecture. A very beautiful pond surrounded by small gardens exist in the courtyard. The western side of the building (i.e. the entrance to the western parlor) includes two columned porches with stucco capitals. The basement in the northern side of the mansion includes a spring house that was used for gatherings during summer. The rest of the basement was used as a kitchen, ābanbārand warehouse.
Sanjesh Museum of Tabriz
The house currently covers a museum displaying a variety of measurement tools used over the last centuries. historic houses of Tabriz
In fact, the museum preserves a variety of weighing instruments, such as scale weights, elegant scale used by the goldsmiths, as well as big steelyard balances used in markets over the past centuries. Astronomical instruments such as astrolabe and Celestial spheres exist also in the museum. Visitors find instruments associated with meteorology, compasses etc in another part of the museum.
Authorities dedicated the Museum mainly to introducing scaling tools and time measuring instruments used over the last centuries.
Historical clock of the ancient Roman emperor
A unique example of the tools preserved in this museum is the historical clock of the ancient Roman emperor. This gold-coated cast bronze clock was made in the city of Caen, France during the 17th century. Interestingly, this clock is not an ordinary clock. It is actuallya statue of Caesar Augustus with his hand laying on the clock beside him. More interestingly, names of Terabyte and Tarasemans, two most important ancient Rome cities, is visible at the base of the clock. The military outfit of Caesar in this statue conveys the power and grandeur of an emperor.
This clock is a gift from European nobles. And it has been handed over from one generation to the next over the last centuries. This clock is actually a unique example of clocks from the 17th century.
The 5 million year old tree trunk
This museum, as one of the richest museums in Tabriz, preserves so many valuable treasures including a five-million-year-old tree trunk. This tree trunk dates back to the Pliocene epoch as part of the Cenozoic era. A local geologist discovered the tree trunk in Parsabad-Moghan and sold it to the museum. This tree has tuned intoSilica over time, forming some sort of fossil. As part of the fossilization process, the outer layer of the tree trunk has also undergone some color changes. Changes are in a way as if it is covered with iron rust. This ancient natural object, however, is still very attractive and impresses all the visitors
Address and Visit time
The museum is located on Imam Khomeini Street, Maghsoudieh Alley, behind the municipality building and at the end of Salmasi blind. The working hours of this museum vary in different seasons. As a result you as a visitor should make a call any time to check the working hours. Meanwhile, the administrative employees of the museum are not available on Fridays.historic houses of Tabriz