As a multipurpose telecommunication tower, Milad Tower is the tallest one in Iran and the sixth tallest tower in the world. This 435 meters tower is in Tehran and represents the symbol of Tehran along with the Azadi Tower. The Tallest Telecommunication Tower of Iran
Construction of Milad tower lasted for 11 years. Aside from being a tourism and recreational attraction, Iranians use this tower for the following purposes:
Facilitate and develop wireless communications across Tehran, optimize and expand radio and television coverage area (VHF / UHF / FM), development of digital TV infrastructure (DVB / MVDS), and meteorology and traffic control. The Tallest Telecommunication Tower of Iran
In addition, this tower gives a 360 degree view of Tehran. Furthermore, Milad Tower includes a variety of restaurants and cafes. And it provides many spaces for celebrations and cultural ceremonies of different countries and cities. The rotary restaurant of this tower is one of the largest restaurants in Tehran and includes a shopping center. All the aforementioned facilities have turned the Tower into a popular recreational complex for Iranians.
Architectural specifications of Milad Tower
The base Building of the Milad tower has 6 floors, consisting of two underground floors, a ground floor and three upper floors. This building shares the same foundation with the tower. This building has been fortified to typhoons with a speed of 140 km/h and cyclone with a speed of 220 km/h. The building is also earthquake-resistant and can withstand major earthquakes. Besides, copper wires embedded in the tower’s body can protect it against lightning.
The architecture of the Milad Tower is largely inspired by Iranian architecture. Since Iranians have a reputation to construct domes, the structure begins with an octagonal base that leads to a dome. In fact, the dome of Dowlatabad Garden in Yazd inspired an Iranian architect to build this tower in this shape. Nevertheless, the Milad Tower hasn’t the complicated decorations found in other Iranian dome.
The architecture of Milad Tower includes an interior and an exterior octagonal structure. And these structured meet each other at the top where the head building is situated. The façade motifs and lines are the same as those seen in Iranian domes. Although lines and motifs of Iranian domes are applied in form of Mogharnas, those of Milad Tower’s dome are simpler. The Tallest Telecommunication Tower of Iran
Milad Tower’s surroundings
Some believe that the current Milad Tower was part of a large 5 million square meter project in the second Pahlavi era. And the American urban planner Jaquelin Robertson designed it. The name of this project was Shahestan Pahlavi. And then authorities had planned to cover a vast area stretching up to Abbas Abad district. The Tallest Telecommunication Tower of Iran
It is said that Elizabeth Najib al-Halibi, the future queen of Jordan at that time, was later employed to assist Jacqueline Robertson in the project. Rumors have it that Jaquelin Robertson planned to dedicate one third of the project to open space and the remaining two thirds of the project to some structures including 50,000 residential units, government buildings, embassies and consulates, international business offices and cultural centers such as museums, libraries and art galleries. The Tallest Telecommunication Tower of Iran
Some, On the other hand, attribute the tower’s design to the post-Islamic-Revolution era. For example, Gholam Hossein Karbaschi, the former mayor of Tehran, argues that design of the Milad Tower dates back to his term of office. But the proposal for construction of a symbolic tower in Tehran was first made in 1991 when Massoud Rajabpour was the mayor of the capital. The Tallest Telecommunication Tower of Iran