Each bridge built over Zayandehrud River in the middle of the city of Isfahan is representative of the historical times. Si o se pol, as a remarkable river over Zayandehrud, is actually recognized as an architectural masterpiece of the Safavid era. Si o se pol of isfahan
Besides, this bridge has received different names throughout history. However, other names for the bridge include “bridge of Allah Wardikhan”, “The Bridge of 33 Springs”, “The Bridge of Chaharbagh”, “Jolfa Bridge” and “Zayandehroud”.
The bridge, which links Charbagh Abbasi to Chaharbagh Bala, used to possess 40 springs. Nevertheless, it currently includes only thirty-three springs and the rest is blocked. Si o se pol of isfahan
Si o se pol includes 33 spans, is 295 meters long and 14 meters wide. Materials such as stone, brick, Sarooj and gypsum were used to build the bridge. Although these materials may seem rudimentary, the bridge’s foundation is constructed in a way that moisture can increase its durability. As a result, that’s why the bridge has remained intact for over 400 years without being damaged by the water flowing underneath it.
On each side, The Bridge covers a row of arches that overlook the river from ones side and the intermediate walkway from the other side. These arches have actually created narrow roofed sidewalks on each side of the bridge. The walkway in the middle of the bridge includes 99 niches. Each niche actually depicted special paintings in the past, but the paintings are not available anymore.
The history of Si o se pol of Isfahan
The idea of building Si o se pol was first raised in 1599 in the 12th year of Shah Abbas I reign. In fact,The construction process was accomplished two years later, i.e. in 1602, under supervision of Allahverdi Khan, one of the Shah Abbas commanders.
Hussein Bana Isfahani whose son built the Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, is said to be the architect of this bridge. He proposed the idea of building a broad bridge for the first time.
Si o se pol and Iranian celebrations
In the Safavid era, Si o se pol served as a place for gatherings and celebrations, these celebrations include:
Ab-pashan Celebration: a celebration annually held on the bridge on 13th of July. Shah, the noblemen, poets, politicians and other people attended the celebration. During this celebration people sprinkled water on each other and danced delightfully. Si o se pol of isfahan
Khaj-shuyan ceremony: is a Christian celebration held to commemorate the baptism of Jesus. Christians believe that water became holy on this day. For this reason, they swim in flowing waters. During the safavid era, the Iranian Armenians used to hold this ceremony on the thirteenth of January near Si o se pol.
Nowruz: in the Safavid era, the Nowruz celebration lasted three to seven days. People adorned Si o se pol with lights on these days. Sometimes Shah Abbas ordered the Golrizan ceremony over the bridge, and many flowers were cast on the path of Shah and his entourage.