Khātamkari, a Persian technique of inlaying is an Iranian fine art and handicraft that dates back ancient times. about Khātamkari
There is a controversy among artists and Khatamkari experts over the inventors of Khātamkari. As a result, we are not sure who exactly invented this art for the first time. According to the Persian Encyclopedia, the origin of this art is mysterious. In fact, the things said about its origin are mostly associated with legends. Some Khatamkari masters still believe that the art is the miracle of Abraham is a prophet. But semantically speaking, the term Khtamkari means “the art of decorating the objects surface with mosaic-like or small triangular shapes.
About Khātamkari’s background history
Egyptian craftspeople have adopted this art, just like many other arts and crafts, from Copts. Researchers have discovered several slabs ornamented with mosaic-like arrangements of wood and bone at Al-Busayrah near Cairo in the early Islamic periods. The Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo and the Berlin’s Museum have preserved most of these slabs. However, we can find one of the most prominent examples of this industry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. about Khātamkari
Khatamkari, as it is common in Iran today, dates back to the Mongol Ilkhan era. In actuality, Khatamkary found its way into Iran following the direct relationships developed between Iran and China. Some experts, however, believe that Iranians practiced some sort of Khatamkari across the country even before the advent of Islam. At that time, a piece of wood with uniform color was cut into small cubes with 4-mm long sides. Then, creators installed and nailed the cubes onto a slate in a variety of patterns. This method was common up until several centuries after the advent of Islam. But after The Mongol invasion, Iranian artists commonly practiced other khatamkari techniques. about Khātamkari
Historical and valuable examples of Khatamkari in Iran
The Khatam Minbar in the Atiqh Jame mosque of Shiraz, dating back to more than a thousand years ago.
The ceiling of the main porch in the Atiqh Jame mosque of Shiraz, dating back to the 14th century AD.
The wooden Minbar of the Lonban mosque of Isfahan that is ornamented with geometric shapes and silver pieces (1702 A.D).
The doors of the Golestan Palace Hall of Mirrors.
The inlaid doors decorated by Shirazi Khtamkari experts. Tourists can find these doors in the Islamic Era Museum of Tehran.
The double-hinged door of the Museum of Abdulazi, Shahr-e Rey, dating back to the Buyid dynasty.
Characteristics of high-quality Khtamand artworks
Completely smooth surface with no hollow space a Persian technique of inlaying
Uniform colors and materials
Resistant to discoloration and deformation
Without any kind of putty or repairmen marks on the surface
Symmetry of flowers and motifs across the artwork surface as well as its angles and sides
Skillfully painted and coated without leaving any defect on the surface
And finally, it’s good to know that smaller motifs and triangular decorations applied on the surface improve the artwork’s quality. about Khātamkari