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Monday - April 27,2020
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Attractions Kerman attraction

Moayedi ice house, the greatest adobe ice house of Iran and the world

Drawing on unique innovations and tools like Qanat, Abanabr and ice houses, people in Kerman managed to improve the quality of their own lives. In fact, each Qanat was connected to Abanbars through underground channels provided the required water of these structures. Abanbars provided the required water of ice houses, and a single Qanat was exclusively assigned to great ice houses. ice house in Iran

Moayedi ice house is one of the historical monuments of Kerman province in eastern Iran. This structure is in Abu Hamad Street. The ice house takes its name from the Moayedi neighborhood in the city of Kerman. This neighborhood covers a vast area and an ancient Qanat is near Takhti square. This Ice house is also in this area of ​​ Kerman. And people know it as one of the major tourist attractions of the city. There is another possibility that the ice house takes its name from a guy named “Muayed al-Din-e Reyhan. Apparently, he used to be the owner of the ice house and one of the agents of the Kerman government. At all events, this monument was built in the late Safavid era. However, Iranians know it as “Moayidi” ice house. Actually, the monument used to provide the water of a famous Qanat of the city that named the Moayidi Qanat.

ice house in Iran
ice house in Iran

Technical and architectural features

The ice production procedure in this ice house is very interesting. The designer had embedded some smooth surfaces behind the thick and tall walls of this structure. And the tall wall blocked sunlight radiations over the frozen water during the day. In other words, lateral walls were erected in cases where sunlight hit the ice producing surface from east or west. ice house in Iran

The amount of water streamed on the masses of ice every night, was enough based on the coldness needed to freeze the water.  In other words, the height of water on the ice-production surfaces did not exceed a few centimeters. Thanks to specific technical conditions of this ice house, ice producers had to carefully balance and align the ice-production surfaces. Then they cut the ice cubes into pieces as soon as their diameter reached 30 to 40 centimeters. Later on, they laid the pieces of ice in specific ice containers and stored in an ice reservoir.

ice house in Iran
ice house in Iran

Sweet past days!

Interestingly, one or more conical wells existed on the floor of the ice reservoir. Consequently, the water coming from the melting ice cubes during hot season would naturally flow into the wells through a gutter on the floor of the ice reservoir. ice house in Iran

According to some native elders, Faloodeh sellers used to serve this ice-cream in the shadow of the ice-reservoirs during summers. The ice-reservoirs also served as a relaxation and recreation spot. Kermani people still use the Moayedi ice house. Besides, people know this building as one of the largest recreational facilities in Kerman.

Tourists can find the ice house around Bagh Melli. Other historical monuments like Qal’eh Dokhtar, Ardeshir Castle, and the Ibrahim Khan complex, are not far from this ice house. As a result, you might be able to include them in your must-see list as well. ice house in Iran

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