The Alma Gol Wetland (also Lake Ulmagol) with an area of 210 acres and 5 million cubic meters of water is one of the major tourist attractions of Gonbad-e Kavus County, Golestan Province, Iran. Alma Gol a Wetland of International
Alma Gol wetland literally means “Apple Lake”. Tourist can find this square shaped lake in north of “Agi Gol wetland”.
The Alma Gol wetland is 55 kilometers away from Gonbad-e Kavus County to the north. And it is on the northern side of the Gorgan-Incheboron road. The depth of this wetland varies between 1 to 4 meters in different points. Besides, its altitude is 4 meters below sea level. Alma Gol wetland is rich in nutrient resources and its salinity is less than “Ala GolLake” and “Agi Gol wetland”.
What creatures are living in Alma Gol wetland?
The Alma Gol wetland is a good habitat to spend winter for different types of aquatic birds. In fact, 36 species of birds hatch their eggs in this region. Some of them are black-necked grebe, cormorant, grey heron, egrets, greater scaup, tufted duck, crested duck, white-headed duck, Eurasian teal, coot, stilt, etc.
There are, of course, other native animals living in this beautiful wetland. Three species of fish including the Caspian roach, capoeta, and sheat fish are native to the Alma Gol wetland. Besides, there are other species living in this wetland, such as grass carp which is not native. Zoologists also have discovered two species of tortoise, agama, natrix, cobra, and viper around the Alma Gol wetland.
What about the flora growing in this wetland?
The environment around the wetland is the steppe with short dunes. This wetland has a significant role in accumulating the water of seasonal floods.
By traveling to the Alma Gol wetland, you can find out that 80% of the vegetation is on the east and northeast side. Moreover, there are many species of aquatic plants such as coontail, water milfoil, sedges, common reed, knot weed, thread leaf crowfoot, and cattail.
The important point is that the plants around this wetland have an important role in controlling and preventing the erosion of neighboring lands during floods. Some of those plants are salsola, bromus, French tamarisk, alhagi, common wild oat, etc. Alma Gol a Wetland of International