Kerman Province is the largest Province in Iran and its capital metropolis is also called Kerman. Located on the southeast part of Central Iranian Plateau, the population now stands at about 3 million. Kerman is surrounded by south-Khorasan Province from the north, Yazd and Fars Provinces from the east, Hormozgan Province from the south, and Sistan and Baluchestan Province from the west. Assessing more than 11 percent of Iran’ extent, with an area of 183285 km2, Kerman Province is nearly as large as Syria.
“Ahmad Ali Khan Vaziri”, the author of “The geography of Kerman”, believes that about 430 years before Islam while Ardashir I, the founder of the Sassanid Empire conquered Kerman. At that time, the name of this area was “Govashir” and it was the capital of Kerman County. It is also said that the name “Kerman” was derived from one of the ten main branches of the Persian ethnic group who migrated to the south of Iran. During the Achaemenid period, Kerman was a great part of the Fars City (Satrap). In Persian mythology, KayKhosrow granted Rostam Kerman and Makran. Keykhoarow is a legendary king of Iran of Kayanian dynasty and a character in the Persian epic book, Shahnameh. And Rostam is the most celebrated legendary hero in the same book. Besides, there are pieces of evidence of Bahman -mythological figure of Iran- who used to rule this region.
The history of Kerman
Concerning the reality and the truth, historical studies reveal that Cyrus the Great banished Nabonidus to Kerman. Nabonidus was the defeated king of Neo-Babylonian Empire. In the Parthian period, Ardashir I attacked the town, defeated the governor and appointed his son as the ruler of Kerman.
According to the writings of the Chaldean historiographer and the priest of the temple of Marduk –his books are one of the most important resources of the Cyrus period – Kerman was a subordinate of the Achaemenid Empire and his trusted region. Kerman was also a subordinate land during the reign of Darius I. Plus, there is a word in the inscription of the Susa foundation known as DSf. It refers to a kind of tree that used to fortify buildings (maybe the palace in Susa) which came from Kerman. The city was also one of the best and most developed states of Iran during the Seljuq dynasty.
Kerman is the ninth populated province of Iran. It is an important and historical province in the southeast of the country. In a way that Kerman has turned it to the hub of industry, culture, politics, agriculture, university, science and other factors among the neighboring states in east of Iran. As a historical province, Kerman has over 660 nationally registered historical monuments, also has six World Heritage sites. As a result, Kerman has achieved the first rank in Iran for having historical buildings. Besides, its capital is the most important city in the southeast of Iran. Another cultural aspect of Kerman is the Sadeh Festival. Since Most of the Zoroastrians of Iran live in Kerman province, people hold this Festival every year here. In addition, Sadeh Festival is registered in the list of the National rituals.
Important cities of this province are Bam, Jiroft and Shahr-e-Babak.
Climate and economy
This region has two types of climate including hot and cold. The cold climate of Kerman is hotter than the cold climate of Fars province. Generally, the hot climate is the major one. And the cold weather is mainly feeling in the heights which is only one-fourth of the city.
Kerman province has the highest rank in the non-oil exports in Iran and Citizens earn money in several ways: handicrafts, iron, coal, and copper mining, cultivation, trading in Special Economic Zones including “Sirjan SEZ”, “New Fortress of Bam SEZ”, and “Rafsanjan SEZ”.
Different types of industries exist in Kerman. Handicrafts include Shaal, Pateh, and Termeh, which doesn’t boom except for Pateh. Workshops for weaving handicrafts such as producing Carpet, Jajim, Kilim, and Saddlebag are common in Kerman.
Concerning the agriculture, one-fifth of orchards of Iran are located in this province. Kerman is also one of the largest producers of pistachio around the world. Harvested Dates in Kerman are of the best in Iran, also the largest area under cultivation of walnut is situated in Baft, one of the counties of Kerman province.