Yazd, a province situated in the centre of Iran is almost the most admired province in Iran by foreign tourists. The city of Yazd is between 2 mountains called Shirkooh and Kharaneq. Yazd has a dry and hot climate in which you feel a considerable variation in temperature during winters and summers.
The word, Yazd is an archaic name that means sacred and pure. The appellation is a sacred land, since Yazd is the birthplace of the Zoroastrianism, the major religion of Iranians before Islamic conquests arrived in Iran. Surprisingly, Yazd has kept the fire temples of Zoroastrians and it is a very religious city in Iran!
Just like its name and other facts about Yazd, it is one of the oldest cities in Iran. Some geographers believe that it was the first king of Sassanid who founded this city.
History of Yazd at a glance
According to legends when Bahram V, – another Sassanid king who also known as Bahram Gor- was travelling to Khorasan, he got sick. But once he arrived to Yazd, he healed. Therefore he ordered the construction of the city.
One of the reasons why Yazd could keep its architectural features is that the city could remain safe from some invasions of other empires throughout the history. For instance, when Genghis Khan attacked to Iran and his army arrived to Yazd, the ruler of the city, Soltan Qutb al-Din refused to fight and accepted their authority. As a result, Yazd could get down to business and when Mongols settled down. And then business boomed thanks to the domestic peace in Iran. At the same time, productions made in Yazd could be exported across the borders of Persia, especially India.
Mongol emperors launched road maintenance management system for the first time in Iran. By the end of the occupation of Mongols, road networks end to Yazd were developed. And the roads were highly safe to do business.
The other point about the history of Yazd is the invasion of Afghans in 1689. Contradictory to Soltan Qutb al-Din, then ruler named Mirza Enaayat Soltan fought 4 years. So he didn’t let Afghans enter the city. However, they could defeat the resistance by deceiving the inhabitants. Besides, they executed the ruler and the most members of his family.
Later in 1736, Nader Shah, the founder of the Afsharid dynasty appointed one of Mirza Enaayat Soltan’s descendants. His name was Mohammad Taghi khan and Nader Shah presented him as the governor of Yazd. Mohammad Taghi khan was not just a simple ruler, but a leader! Consequently, he equipped the city with many constructions included Dowlat Abad Garden, Naseriye Garden, Khan School, Khan Bazaar, Qeysariye bazaar…
Yazd at the present time
Although a large number of Zoroastrians and a number of Jews live in Yazd, the majority of citizens are Muslims. Existing some houses of worship of Zoroastrians, some important ceremonies take place in this city. One of these ceremonies is “Sadeh” which is the most famous and important one.
Located in a dry and hot climate, tourist can observe special architecture features all over the city. Several wind catchers, lots of cisterns, some Minarets and dooms are the result of adapting life with weather condition and cultural values.
That’s why you can find in every single neighborhood a beautiful Hammam, old and small handicrafts’ workshop, a cistern, a mosque or even a flume…
Considering the worth of architectural features, historic area of the city was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2017. The city of wind catchers has 77 neighborhoods. And all of them are highly worth to visit. However, the district of ‘’Chahar menr” is the most important one amongst them.